Member Activity

On June 26 the Foundation for a Drug-Free Europe (FDFE) organized in Brussels, a European Meeting on the theme Drug & Prevention to celebrate the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. This aligned with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime motto: Make health your “new high” in life, not drugs.

In front of an audience composed of diplomats, professors, presidents of youth associations, educators, the FDFE member from Germany based on the EMCDDA Report gave an overview of the drug problem in Europe. She was followed by the presentation of the FDFE educative tools and activities across Europe. Then the guest speakers, all drug experts, coming from different European countries took the floor: a M.D. from Italy who exposed the debilitating danger, often fatal, of the new synthetic drugs; the renown French Jungian psychoanalyst, former Director of the DIDRO Center, Paris; the former Drug Section Director of the Health Ministry of Hungary. All stressed on the importance of prevention, information and communication with the youth to educate them on the drug dangers.

An interactive worlshop, was led by the President of Say No To Drug France on « How to speak to youth about drugs ». The Day ended with the presentation of the song « Cocaine » written by a public in memory of his best friend.

Photo WFAD


Foundation for Democratic Initiatives and Development (FDID-SL) is a civil society organization that has its headquarters in Freetown and a regional office in Bo City (Bo District) in southern Sierra Leone. (FDID-SL) is a Child and youth serving Human rights and development-oriented organization that has championed Youth Issues in Freetown and other parts of the country, especially in the Bo and Bonthe districts of Sierra Leone, since its inception.

FDID-SL works to enhance Youth’s active participation and involvement in upholding and promoting a sustainable development culture and participatory governance at grass root levels, through effective information dissemination, advocacy, lobbying, dialogue, civic education and community driven activities.

In a bid to work on youth issues and operate a smooth human rights/development agenda, (FDID-SL) has partnership agreement with other civil society organizations in the country. Because the motto of FDID is “Development through Civic Engagement”, our operations are geared towards the grass root in every community. Our slogan: “Alone we can do so little, together we can do so much” reflects the well-being of the majority of the people we defend and work with.


The National HIV/AIDS Secretariat contracted FDID-SL to undertake a survey on Sierra Leone population size estimate in the fight against HIV from the 28 th of February to the 12th March, 2013. FDID-SL send six personnel to the four (4) Regions of the country to map out how many people do inject drugs in the country. The task was carried out efficiently and the results handed over to the secretariat.


FDID was consulted by GOAL Ireland an international NGO to send in their peer mentors for a six (6) months exercise in taking their drug prevention techniques to other youths in their hide outs. FDID provided fifteen outreach workers who have worked closely with GOAL Ireland to propagate the drug prevention massage through outreaches from February to June 2013




Street youths in Sierra Leone are very vulnerable to disease as they very heavily indulged in risky behaviors. They can be easily spotted in parks, city centers, street corners, and bus stations looking for menial jobs to make living.

Street youths in Sierra Leone are mostly not considered by successive governments. This makes their situation worse as they sleep outside and live in filthy environments with very poor food and sometimes they can go days without food. They also have access to little or no medical facility right across the country.

Seventy percent (70%) of street youths in Sierra Leone considers themselves abandoned by both the local administration and the central government.

Today in Sierra Leone, Street youths are no longer restricted to urban areas but they can also be seen in rural areas. Before the war in Sierra Leone, street youths were male dominated but today there are a lot of female street youths who are very visible at night around entertainment areas. Most of them sell sex in exchange for money and food.

A good number of street youths in Sierra Leone do drugs and are most times very violent and ill-mannered as perceived by the general public. Their own argument is the complete opposite. They say they are very friendly and law abiding but that they are often misunderstood by the general public; they also argue that they are being marginalized from basic social amenities in the country. They further argue that they are not treated as citizens of the country because there is nothing they enjoy as rights but on the other hand, the public expect them to be very responsible.

One leader of a youth sect ”Long Bench” at Brookfields in Freetown Sierra Leone’s capital told me that the public should excuse them because he said most youths were conscripted into the warring factions as child combatants and fought in the decade long rebel war and were

Foundation for Democratic Initiatives and Dev. A youth serving agency in Sierra Leone met with

Street kids to discuss the problems they face in Sierra Leone.



With a long standing bilateral relationship between Sierra Leone and the United State of America, the US has always kept to their fundamental principles of helping developing countries.

In a bid to foster Good Governance and Peace Building FDID-SL a non-governmental organization currently working on drug prevention and demand reduction in collaboration with the American Embassy on the 27th of February engaged street youths in a hideout call Black Street in western part of the city.

Given the welcome address, the Communication and Outreach Officer of FDID-SL Mr. Edward N. Blake stressed the need for an urgent intervention as most of the country’s youths are now involved with one illicit drug or the other. This he said should be addressed so that this country will not slide into another violent conflict.

Highlighting the purpose of the visit and delivering a massage of hope and inspiration, the Executive Director of FDID-SL Mr. Hindowa E. Saidu implored on the youths that he was not strange to them and also the problems they face, but that their challenges are being channeled to the stake-holders and it is as a result of this he did not come alone, that this time he was there with a senior official of the United States Embassy. He said these people were there to see how best they can collaborate with FDID to look for possible solutions to their problems.

Making a statement and at the same time advising the youths on the dangers of taking drugs, the head of political affairs of the Embassy MR. Joshua E. Stern said if Sierra Leone is to change today, then the mind set of youths need to change and they should be engage in things that would bring both socio-political and economic change to their country. He lauded the effort of the president in making youth issue of paramount focus in his agenda for prosperity. He also assured the youths that the U.S. embassy will hold consultations with FDID in order to address the problems of the youths especially the once at Black street.

Most of the youths who spoke thanked the joint team from FDID and the United States Embassy for coming to visit them. They blamed the Government for not given them employment facilities. Most of these youths claimed to be drivers and indeed they produced their driving license, others said they were masonry, carpenters, auto mechanics, tailors etc. A clarion call was made by the head of black Street to the authorities who are supposed to be addressing issues or challenges confronting the youths of Sierra Leone.

The occasion was climaxed by a question and answers session which left the youths with opening ears looking forward to agencies who can work with them to make them gainfully employed or send back to school those who are of school going ages.

The Political Affairs Officer of the US Embassy Joshua E. Stern, the Executive Director of FDID-SL, Hindowa E. Saidu and some unemployed youths.




The condition/situation of youths is becoming serious by the day in this country as drugs or illegal substances are seeing as an alternative source of seeking solace, as the vast majority of the youths in the country are uneducated, unskilled and unemployed

Foundation for democratic initiatives and development(FDID-SL), a youth serving and drug prevention organization in sierra Leone, engaged street youths and children at the Sewa Grounds (Victoria park)a hide-out in the central business district of Freetown on the 4th of March 2013.The team was led by the executive director of the organization and other members of staff and were also accompanied by a consultant from the united states of America who was in sierra Leone to conduct a training for FDID-SL and other organizations.

At the Sewa Grounds, the leader of the hide-out (BRA) Mr. Sampha Kamara called the meeting to order by calling on the youths to be very attentive. He also praised FDID-SL as the only organization who ventures into hide-outs with drug prevention and education messages. He further went on to say that the youths are ready for a complete change of life if only the necessary opportunities are given.

Giving an overview of the visit, the Executive Director of FDID-SL Mr. Hindowa.E.Saidu took off by introducing MELISSA DITMORE a lead consultant for the HIV/AIDS secretariat in Sierra Leone. He said Melissa is in the country for the next two weeks on population size estimation but then looking at key populations. Mr. Saidu implored the youths that they are serious about the problems of the youths, and that they are trying to see how best they can help as a civil society in lobbying Government and other stake holders in solving their problems.

Surprising to see that afternoon were children ageing between Nine (9) to Fourteen (14) years. Most of them were under the influence of drugs at that time of the day and some were sleeping as the meeting went on. One important message FDID-SL got from the youths at Sewa Grounds was that, just last week they had buried sixteen (16) of their colleagues as a result of the proliferation of unregulated sachets alcoholic drinks that are easily accessible and affordable in the market. The youths said these products are dangerous for consumption.

Melissa Ditmore thanked FDID-SL for the wonderful job they are doing in trying to engage the minds of these young people and educating them from taking drugs and other illegal substances, she said an alternative health care was one thing they needed as well as jobs.

Making a statement and at the same time thanking the visiting team, one of the longest serving female members of the hideout Kadie Kaisamba also known as (Granny) said she is a hair dresser and wanted start up kits. She said her husband who is also member of the hideout is a driver and most of the in-mates are skilled in other areas and if only they can receive help from government and other NGOs, they will leave the street. Various speakers appealed to Government to come to their aid so that they may also be able to use their potentials in the development process of their communities and the country as a whole. A ten (10) year old child Mohamed Kargbo told his audience that he was ready to go back to school as he left his home ecause his parents were unable to take of his needs.



FDID-SL is a child and youth serving organization with a vision to see a drug free Sierra Leone with an empowered children and youthful population on the 4th of April this year engaged street kids at the Bus Station Community with their usual drug prevention and demand reduction education massage.

Addressing about sixty (60) street kids, the Director of FDID-SL Mr. Hindowa E. Saidu encouraged the children to live a healthy life style away from drug and violence. He said drug and violence have the potential of destroying their health and rub them of a better future. He admonished the children to stay off drug and violence, He also implored on them to visit the FDID-SL headquarter’s to see if it can help in linking some them with other organizations who can assist them with their welfare.

The programme Officer for FDID-SL Mr. Habib T. Kamara pleaded with the children to stop risky practices as it might land them into prison or deteriorate their health. Speaking on the hazards and disadvantages of drug, Mr. Kamara intimated the children that a recent survey undertaking by FDID-SL has shown that their age mates in other ghettoes across the city were losing their lives carelessly as a result of drugs. He furthered that the future of this country squarely rest on their shoulders, so they should do everything possible to protect their own lives.

Although Sierra Leone has been identified by the international community as a transit point for most hard drugs and narcotics such as cocaine to the west, the country has also endured the cultivation of illegal crops such as marijuana. In recent times, the cultivation of marijuana in Sierra Leone has seen unprecedented records with untold social and economic consequences. According to an independent survey in 2006, almost every village in especially the border regions has a huge bed of marijuana farms. In most of the cases efforts by authorities to curb this illegal activity have proved futile. Suspectingly, because of the massive revenue illegal though, though and lack of proper control policies and prosecution, together with connivance on the part of authorities, this stigma seem unabated and with impurity. Marijuana is trafficked across the borders of Sierra Leone to especially neighboring Guinea and Liberia on almost a daily bases. Astonishingly also because of illiteracy and poverty, the seriousness of these clandestine criminal activities is unnoticed as the locals consider it as just one form of obtaining livelihood. As a result, marijuana use is common and every day teenagers are recruited into addiction and are in fact used as sales agents in youth hideout and even schools.

‘’CATCHED THEM WHEN THEY ARE YOUNG’’ is a new project lunched by FDID-SL to target the children of school going ages as well as those who drop out of school with the community drug prevention and education messages. This project will be replicated into different communities, especially poor neighborhood across the country.


A cross section of Street Kids at Bus Station Community and FDID-SL Staff


To make our environments clean and safe from malaria, typhoid and cholera dieses, FDID mobilized a group of community youths ahead of the raining season on the 20th and 21st of April,2013 to clean the Susan’s Bay Community in the Eastern part of Freetown and also using mega phones to sensitize the population about the hazards of these disease and how to prevent them.


FDID-SL in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Sanitation and other partners lunched the National Tobacco Control Strategy for 2013-2016 on the 15th June, 2013



Foundation for Democratic Initiatives and Development- Sierra Leone (FDID-SL) with funds from British High Commission Sierra Leone has concluded a follow up project to enable youths participate in governance at local level in Koidu and Bo Cities.

FDID-SL engaged the service of local expert to train youths in governance issues in order to increase participation in civic activities which will cultivate a sense of responsible leadership and public accountability. The service of a lawyer and a governance expert were hired to these town hall trainings.

FDID-SL team entered Koidu City on the 10th of April 2013 and met with deferent youth organizations to explain to them the reason for the town hall meeting and to extend invitation on the 12th of April about sixty-five (65) youths drawn different youths hangouts across the city of Koidu benefited from this training. The training which was very interactive lasted for few hours. A Freetown base lawyer took the youths through a training package which taught the youth how to behave responsibly with the ham bit of the law. His session lasted for two hour . Mr Khefala Amadu a renowned governance expert took over the training session which also lasted for two hours. At the end of the training the youths were pleased for having got such a wonderful training. In his remarks the District youth chairman thanked the facilitators for making the training so friendly and interactive.

In the same vain the FDID team travelled to Bo on the 28th April to organize the youths in City for the same training.

On the 30th of April, 2013, at the New London Hall in Bo City, the training attracted eighty-five (85) youths. These youths were drawn from five (5) city sections within the city. The Bo City youths were also taught to how be Law Abiding and how to engage the city council constructively. The training was very interactive. This will contribute to effort at post to reduce conflict through reduction of potentials for violence and a wider increase in participation in governance at more levels of society. These youths in election violence in prone cities in two of Sierra Leone’s elections hot sport were equipped with transferable skills in civil participation, governance, inclusion and increased tolerance for political diversity. The youths were thought skills to act as systems of cheques and balance for the activities of the local councils. Youths in those two (2) cities were shown leadership roles with a few of reducing the influence and manipulation of local politicians.

Key activities completed.

1. Four (4) community visitations to organized and invite the youths to these town hall trainings

2. Two (2) town hall meetings were held in both cities

Key challenges emerging actions and responsibilities


Getting the youths to attend to such formal meeting was a very big challenge in both cities


FDID-FL has reached over one hundred and fifty (150) youths with a prodemocracy and community cohesion training in Bo and Koidu Cities


FDID-SL will follow up the youths those two (2) cities


Imaging issues reviled that, the youths are little or not properly educated on their rolled and responsibilities to local councils. Also on the side of councils, their undertaking should made public or at list report their activities to youth groups so the list youths will be knowledgeable on developmental strive by the councils. FDID-SL therefore recommends that similar training should be replicated in other district and city councils for the cultivation of responsible leadership and public accountability.



FDID in collaboration with Bo city and Bonthe district councils have implemented a 6 months project to get back street kids of school going ages to school. This project was done in these two (2) communities because there are an alarming number of street kids who have left their family homes and also gone out of school. FDID early in 2013 under took three visits in Bo and Bonthe districts and met with stakeholders. FDID also met with school pupils and street kids and had an opportunity to exchange information. These pupils and street kids showed a strong interest in their education and what their communities stands to benefit should they realize their dreams. However, majority of the street kids express fair that poverty will serve as a storming block to realizing their dreams. The results of the three (3) visits gave FDID a strong signal with a project laying bases for the promotion of the street kids education project. A meeting with representatives of the Bo city council and Bonthe district council was another step forward to work this project.

The promotion for education of the street kids had reached out to the afore mentioned districts. FDID in collaboration with the two councils engaged business houses and well-meaning community elders who in turn provided funds for this implementation.

Twenty six (26) street kids in both districts were identify and brought back to be reunited with their families and subsequently were re-admitted in various primary and junior secondary schools in the township of Bo and Bonthe.

Sixteen children were brought to school in Bo and ten in Bonthe. Ten kids in Bo and Seven in Bonthe are still in school up to this moment. On the other hand, six kids in Bo and three kids in Bonthe went back to the street for lack of fund to support their schooling.


It is estimated that $250 is needed in order to keep a child in school for a year. FDID currently do not have the resources to keep more street kids in school.


More children may return to the streets due to funding constrains.


Both the parents and the communities including the local councils are willing to cooperate in getting back street kids and poor children to school.


You cannot seek the welfare of the kids without empowering their families to take care of them in school. You are likely not to succeed without empowering the parents to sustain the children in school.


On 12th June, 2013, FDID engaged community radios in Freetown and Bo on advocacy against using children as laborers. FDID also issued a press statement condemning the act and warning citizens to avoid such practices


Street Children are any boy or girl who is yet to reach adulthood. Who seeks a livelihood or residence in the street. The demography is growing globally with an estimated one hundred and twenty million (120,000,000) or one in every five children turning to the street. A quarter of them which account for about forty-five million live in Africa and majority of them are boys and are mostly visible in urban settings across African Countries.

The Day of the African Child (DAC) is commemorated on June 16 every year by all African States. This is done to have a sober reflection on the on the 1976 massacre of South Africa Children by police in an uprising in Soweto South Africa. A Protect against Apartheid by school children resulted in the killing of thousands of those defenseless and unarmed protesters by police officers under the command of the Apartheid Regime then. After this massacre, people who are committed to the rights of the children saw the need to focus on the rights of children on the continent, in consolidating their efforts in addressing the obstacles for realizing these rights.

The African Child’s Day (DAC) also provides an occasion for Government, International- Institutions and child right organizations to renew their on-going commitments towards improving the plight of marginalized and particularly vulnerable children by organizing activities aimed at including these specific children.

The theme for this year’s 2013 commemoration is ‘’ Estimating Harmful Social and Cultural Practices Affecting Children: our Collective Responsibility’’. This is to draw the world’s attention to the need of eliminating Harmful Social and Cultural Practice affecting the African Child. The DAC 2013 will help create awareness on the importance of involving children in their own issues and promote togetherness among children from different African country or backgrounds. It is said that Millions of children will be reached out via electronic media, Special Publications, banners and other promotional materials throughout the continent.

But the question that comes to mind is how does the child fit into all of this? If not all but most of the street children on the continent will be marginalized by this project for the simple fact that most of them are either not educated or do not have access to electronic gadgets like radios. Over the years street children all over Africa especially in Sierra Leone have not been included in the commemoration of the Day of African Child. Is it that the street children are not African Children?

All children have the right to education, protection, health Care and participations in their communities. But this is not in the case of street involved children in Sierra Leone. The street Children in Sierra Leone are always left out of any good thing that is supposed to influence the lives of children in this country. If all our children feel safe in their communities and go to school; there will be no need for these children to seek refuge in the street.

Governments as the main actor should realized the rights of street involved children through their active participation and build their capacity to protect themselves. There should also be a national child protection and child welfare system that are sensitive to the right of street children to care and protection and should be adequately funded to operate effectively and efficiently. p

Furthermore, organizations working in rural areas on issues of childhood migration need to link with government and other agencies in urban settings to reduce the level of vulnerability that arise with mobility of street children.

Foundation for Democratic Initiatives and Development Sierra Leone (FDID-SL) a youth serving organization have met with so many gangs of street involved children across Sierra Leone who have registered their disappointment in successive governments for doing little or nothing to alleviate their plight.

They question they would ask always is ’’ are we not Sierra Leonean children?’’

On the 16th of June FDID-SL met and fed over 40 street children at the Red Pump Community in Freetown. The meeting was very interactive with the children telling their stories to the FDID team and thanking them for throwing light on their plight in the country. They pleaded with FDID to continue such a good work in advocating on their behalf as they cannot afford to engage and lobby government. The FDID team assured the children that as a grass root oriented organization, they will not stop at anything short of raising awareness of the plight of street children in this country the Communication and Advocacy Officer declared.

To climax the occasion, food and drinks were served to all the street children that were present to grace the occasion,

Members of the Red Pump Community also thanked the FDID team for quit a beautiful intervention to salvage the problem faced by street children in the country.




FDID on 26th June, 2013 joined other partners including United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to commemorate this year’s event in Sierra Leone. Statement of behalf of Civil Society was read by Habib T. Kamara, Programme Manager of FDID.

Some weeks ago SLAN and its members formed together in FMD (Folkrörelser mot Droger/Peoples Movements Against Drugs) organized a one week event in Visby, Gotland, Sweden. The week, called "Political Week", in Almedalen assembles thousands of organizations and companies around one speech every evening given by the political party leaders in Sweden - a tradition since late 60’s.

Our event was composed of different themes each day and we invited experts, political party members, MP’s, and gathered more than 2.200 individuals during the week.


Swedish Council on Alcohol and Drugs
NN Nigeria 001 – NARCONON NIGERIA INSTURCTORS DURING COMMUNICATION DRILL.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   








C. FRIDAY, 9TH JULY, 2013.





Materials from 1st International Congress on Drugs & Dependencies: Recovery is Possible, held in May 2013, in Lisbon/Odivelas, Portugal                                                                                                        

Paper by Manuel Pinto Coelho: In search of a better policy
Summary Of Congress

Congress photo

From the left: Wolfgang Goetz (EMCDDA), Raymond Yans (INCB), Kevin Sabet (SAM project) and Antonio Maria Costa (Former UNODC Director)

T shirt
A Synthesized Workshop Report for stakeholders on Article 33 of the UN CRC In Kampala Uganda; Nairobi Kenya and Dar es Salaam Tanzania (20th to 23rd May 2013).                                                                                                                                               

Workshop chair: Mr. Rogers Kasirye, UYDEL
Workshop Presenters: Mr. Mutaawe Rogers; Ms. Anna Nabulya and Ms. Linda Nilsson

Click here to read this material (PDF).


Above: A group photo of participants of the Ugandan workshop
The Drug Advisory Council of Australia is working with other similar groups to convince politicians and others that harm minimization policies are not working.                                                                                               

Australia is a target for illicit drugs because of our high demand. 

There are voices that want to legalize drugs which we are opposing.

We keep community leaders up to date with the latest illicit drug information
and the need for Australia to have world best practice drug policies that reduce

We are working to close the only drug injecting centre in Australia in Kings
Cross in Sydney and we are publicizing the latest medical research against
cannabis and other illicit drugs.

Drug Advisory Council of Australia
In occasion of the International Day Against Drugs, the We Free Network arranged several events at different locations worldwide.

We also participated in other institutional events in New York and in Vienna at the UN Buildings, but also in Brussels at an EU conference.

The programme can be found here.

The We Free Network is a San Patrignano prevention project which gathers many different international youth associations that work in this field.

Here it is the video that puts together all the photos that have arrived from all over the world to WeFree team on the 26th of June in occasion of 26th World Day against Drugs and Illicit trafficking. WeFree, the prevention project by San Patrignano, has mobilized all his international network , including Canada, Uganda, UK, Portugal, Italy, United States, Austria, Germany, Belgium and Colombia. This video wants also to thank everybody who joined at these initiatives, and to say loud and clear, NO to Drugs!

MMM (Mithuru Mithuro Movement) is working hard on our mission of organizing the next AFTC meeting in Sri Lanka. We are greatly honored and so proud to have this chance to our country. The meeting will be carrying a brand new theme this time making a real change: Enriching T.C :- Keeping What Works Best - a real time phrase which compress it all. Another fabulous event we are planning at the moment is to have our Life time Achievement Award Ceremony in the same day. It will be a very valuable event which will express a clear and thoughtful message to the society.

The AFTC meeting will be in the end of October and we are hoping that it will be a great success to the peak. Talking about the other branches of the mother center Mithuru MithuroSenehasaNivahanaNidahasa and Nisansala are rehabilitating a vast number of young people at the moment and it is in a great success.

All the currently cycled programs are running in a spiritual path that truly touches the curious young mind. In Additionally we have started meditational programs which gives us tremendously pleasing compliments from everyone. Buddhist philosophy is our key subject in every successful step we keep ahead.


Mithuru Mithuro Movement
This is a transcript of Rogers Kasirye's lecture during the webinar last Wednesday. Rogers Kasirye is a Board Member of WFAD, representing Africa. He is also Executive Director of Uganda Youth Development Link.                                

Good afternoon ladies and Gentlemen. Thank you for accepting to listen to my presentation and to WFD who enabled this to happen.

The East African region : Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi – members of the East African Community (EAC) southern Sudan. All these countries are low income resource. Most of the population ns over 60 percent young characterized with high levels of poverty.

Illicit drugs use:

Illicit drug use has been increasing in East African region.

This region now is source, consumer, suppliers and transit route especially from Middle East countries of Asia to Africa and Europe. High level consumption has been noticed, mainly using cannabis, hard drugs like heroin and cocaine have also been reported. Thus, youth face many risks arising out drug use including HIV/AIDS; its on set may imply many challenges associated with drug use. East Africa has the highest numbers of HIV/AIDS infections in the world according WHO.

Population affected young people are majorly affected .

We see new cases of IV drug use, pockets using hard drugs, schools related violence. High risk populations include slums and street children, unemployed youth in slums major (Kibera Mathere as well as in Mombasa in Kenya, Dar es salaam Tanzania , sex workers, students, rural forks who are employed.

What do we see being applied to prevent illicit drugs use?

First of all interventions are varied dependent on resources, knowledge of interventions, most are project based and may not based on sound or evidence based principles.

· Most prevention efforts rely / depend on schools to reach young people and sometimes of their families as yet most young people are out of schools.

· Parent’s intervention a just emerging like the recently launched material Smart parents on Which recognize that the family environment plays an important role in shaping young peoples attitude towards drug abuse? And increasing a range of protective and risk factors.

· NGOs and Faith based organization do the bulk of prevention work in the communities especially in urban centre true there is a proliferation of Community based organizations attempting to reach drug users. (Trying all sorts of interventions such as life skills, DARE, AA and many others, quite often non interactive and use classroom formats. Most programs are not shaped on the needs within he community and there is a lot of generalization. Most of these interventions have not been evaluated in the past we cannot tell the level of efficacy.

· Nature of experience and science varies, minimal impact is observed since standards of delivery appear a challenge.

· Regional distribution of prevention work varied both in international commitment and intervention distribution. Countries which have put in place laws such Kenya in 1994 and \Tanzania have well developed operational mechanism. But there is leaning towards law enforcement and seizure and lesser on treatment.

· Prevention is still weak, done at once with no follow ups, with fewer capacity buildings for staff. There is still too much focus on abstinence, less interaction and participation of beneficiaries and more classroom settings.

· Co- related issues presented by population affected by drugs such HIV/AIDS/risk / sex work, unemployed/homelessness.

· Children are still being sent in prisons because of use of drugs but receive no help. Where here is no help and rehabilitation.

Prevention which is child centered not user centered strategies

Why we are thinking more about prevention

1. Prevention is cheap- low

2. Targeting young children who are malleable until age 21years

3. Costs of treatment high and countries region cannot afford.

What works?

Prevention science has made a lot of progress and now we have a sense of some effective interventions thus in East Africa we should embrace some of these good innovations.

In prevention in East Africa we need to

· Raise awareness and increasing knowledge through communication and how this can be applied. Especially about protective factors especially the family support and school environments and reduce risks factors including poor decision making, peer pressure and others.

· Increase parental involvement as basis for prevention and target children when young. Parents need to know to respond when drug abuse is involved, how to communicate, and nature of parent life styles and help children take life health decisions and how to support them.

· Students and schools are confronted with illicit use of drugs therefore school based programs need to be designed to intervene early both in academic performance and social stress life inn varying degree depending on age and develop other competence skills such as communication , assertiveness, resistance skills anti drug characteristics. Youth themselves who are confronted by peers to try out these drugs; supply chain targeting young people. Young people who want to experiment drugs.

· Promote youth interactive programme in community aimed at the general populations who may not be reached in schools use of drama, sports; peer sessions, use of posters, group session which make teaching fun time.

· Counselling and developing skills, resistance, peer pressure, relapse to address all forms of drug abuse both legal and illicit drugs including solvents which are wide spread use Amount Street and slum youth.

· Lifestyles without drugs- Sports, music, clubs

Also note that in prevention

· Role of Media -Concern how media portrays drug use; has a strong influence and exposure can be dangerous, sometime shows picture which support use of drugs. (TV, Internet, print, radio and music) an in East Africa Use of drugs has been closely linked with Music, football and sports betting areas which attract young people. We have seen a proliferation of use of drugs. Viewing smoking can escalates drug abuse, so we have to talk the media and youth about negative influence which comes with media exposure.

· Youth work related interventions targeting specific behaviour which may trigger drug use such as and develop strategies that focus one youth economic empowerment to address poverty, high levels of unemployment vocational skills, cash transfer and saving culture. putting intor consideration the age, gender

· Staff training taking into consideration (issues of parent, standards, and effective

· Teachers who a need to be smart to address drug prevention in schools

· Multi disciplinary and use of all professional.

· Adapting Life skills models and other new innovations about universal drug prevention programs that have come on board to prevent drug use.

Way forward

· Parent and youth intervention work and these can contribute to prevention in their communities.

· We need to reach more schools with new interventions that can bring change.

· Adapt Use of latest phones latest technology (facebook, tweeter,

· Policy and legal reforms

· Professional trainings and human resources development and exposure to evidence based prevention programs and those that conform to standard.

· Address risk taking behaviour and design more social and economic empowerments for schools and youth who are out school

· Low resource

Thank you

Rogers Kasirye

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